An ordinary fraction is a pair (a, b) of two natural numbers a and b, with b different by 0. The ordinary fraction (a, b) is written or a/b.
Examples of fractions:
A fraction (in Latin we have: fractus, i.e. "broken") represents a part of a whole or, any number of equal parts. When spoken in everyday English, a fraction describes how many parts of a certain size there are, for example, one-half, seven-fifths, three-quarters.
In this fraction , a is numerator and b is the denominator. Just like this example:
We read two fifths.
Any of natural numbers can be written as a fraction. e.g.,
A fraction the denominator is less than the numerator is called fraction below par. This is a proper fraction.
For example, is a fraction below par.
A fraction with the numerator equal to the fraction denominator is called improper function. Also the fractions where the numerator is bigger than the denominator.
For example, ,
Two fractions are equivalent fractions when they represent the same part of a whole.
Two fractions are equal if the following condition is satisfied:
Of the two fractions with the same denominator is greater the fraction with greater numerator.
Of the two fractions with the same numerator is higher fraction with smaller denominator.
When we want to compare two fractions that not have denominators equal or neither even numerator can bring fractions to the same denominator and apply the above rules.
Or apply the following rule:
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